Blast from the Past Articles - Archives
Drag racing Glossary - 2000 Archives
Friday, 10 November 2000 00:04

Breakout: Used only in handicap racing, the term breakout refers to a contestant running quicker than he or she "dialed" his or her vehicle (predicted how quick it would run). Unless his or her opponent commits a more serious infringement (e.g., red-lights, crosses the centerline, or fails a post-race inspection), the driver who breaks out loses. If both drivers break out, the one who runs closest to his or her dial is the winner.

Burnout: Spinning the rear tires in water to heat and clean them prior to a run for better traction. A burnout precedes every run.

Christmas Tree: The Tree, as it often is called, is the noticeable electronic starting device between lanes on the starting line. It displays a calibrated-light countdown for each driver.

Deep Staged: A driver is deep staged when, after staging, he or she rolls a few inches farther, which causes the prestage light to go out. In that position, the driver is closer to the finish line but dangerously close to a foul start.

Dial-Under: Dialing under allows drivers in Super Stock and Stock, which are handicap categories, to select an elapsed time quicker than the national index. As with a dial-in, a driver selects a dial-under, or e.t., that he or she thinks the car will run based on qualifying
performance. The breakout rule is in effect.

Diaper: A blanket made from ballistic and absorbent, often Kevlar, that surrounds the oil pan and serves as a containment device during engine explosions. Required on Top Fuel dragsters, Funny Cars, Alcohol Dragsters, and Alcohol Funny Cars.

Displacement: In an engine, displacement is the total volume of air-to-fuel mixture that an engine theoretically is capable of drawing into all cylinders during one operating cycle.

Elapsed Time: An elapsed time, or e.t., is the time it takes a vehicle to travel from the starting line to the finish line.

Eliminations: After qualifying, vehicles race two at a time, resulting in one winner and one loser. Winners continue to race in tournament-style competition until one remains.

Foul Start: A foul start is indicated by a red-light on the Christmas Tree when a car has left the starting line before receiving the green light, or starting signal.

Fuel Injection: A fuel-delivery system that replaces conventional carburetion. Fuel injection delivers fuel under pressure directly into the combustion chamber or indirectly through the airflow chamber.

Full Tree: Used in Competition, Super Stock, and Stock, for which a handicap starting system is used to equalize competition. The three amber bulbs on the Christmas Tree flash consecutively five-tenths of a second apart, followed five-tenths later by the green starting light. a perfect reaction time on a full Tree is .500.

Guard Beam: A light beam-to-photcell connection located 16 inches past the staged beam that is used to prevent a competitor from gaining an unfair starting-line advantage by blocking the stage beam with a low-installed object such as an oil pan or header collector pipe. If the guard beam is activated while the staged beam is still blocked, the red foul light is triggered on the Christmas Tree and the offender is automatically disqualified.

Headers: Fine-tuned exhaust system that routes exhaust from the engine. Replaces
conventional exhaust manifolds.

Hemi: A hemi engine has a hemispherically shaped cylinder-head combustion chamber, like a ball cut in half.

Holeshot: Reacting quicker to the Christmas Tree starting lights to win a race against a quicker opponent.

Hydraulic: When a cylinder fills with too much fuel, thus prohibiting compression by the cylinder and causing a mechanical malfunction, usually an explosive one.

Index: The expected performance for vehicles in a given class as assigned by NHRA. It allows various classes of cars in the same category to race against each other competitively.

Interval Timers: Part of a secondary timing system that records elapsed times, primarily for the racers' benefit, at 60, 330, 660, and 1,000 feet.

Methanol: Pure methyl alcohol produced by synthesis for use in Alcohol Dragsters and Alcohol Funny Cars.

Nitromethane: Produced specifically as a fuel for drag racing. It is the result of a chemical reaction between nitric acid and propane.

Pre-staged: When a driver is approximately seven inches behind the starting line and the small yellow light atop his of her side of the Christmas Tree is glowing.

Pro Tree: Used in Top Fuel, Funny Car, Pro Stock, Pro Stock Bike, Alcohol Dragster, Alcohol Funny Car, Super Comp, Super Gas, and Super Street, which feature heads-up competition. All three large amber lights on the Christmas Tree flash simultaneously, followed four-tenths of a second later by the green starting light. A perfect reaction time on a Pro Tree is .400.

Reaction Time: The time it takes a driver to react to the green starting light on the Christmas Tree, measured in thousandths of a second. The reaction-time counter begins when the last amber light flashes on the Tree and stops when the vehicle clears the stage beam.

Rpm: Revolutions per minute, or rpm, is a measure of engine speed as determined by crankshaft spin.

Sixty-foot Time: The time it takes a vehicle to cover the first 60 feet of the racetrack. It is the most accurate measure of the launch from the starting line, which in most cases determines how quick the rest of the run will be.

Slider Clutch: A multi-disc clutch designed to slip until a predetermined rpm is reached. Decreases shock load to the drive wheels.

Speed Trap: The final 66 feet to the finish line, known as the speed trap, where speed is recorded.

Staged: A driver is staged when the front wheels of the car are right on the starting line and the small yellow light below the prestaged light on his or her side of the Christmas Tree is glowing. Once a driver is staged, the calibrated countdown (see Christmas Tree) may begin at any time.

Supercharger: The supercharger, or blower, is a crank-driven air-to-fuel mixture compressor. It increases atmospheric pressure in the engine, resulting in added horsepower.

Wedge: An engine with a wedge combustion chamber, a combustion chamber resembling a wedge in shape. Need not have parallel intake and exhaust valve stems.

Weight Transfer: Weight transfer is critical to traction. Vehicles are set up to provide a desired weight transfer to rear wheels. When the vehicle accelerates, the front wheels lift and the weight shifts to the rear wheels, which makes them less likely to spin.

Wheelie Bars: Used to prevent excessive front-wheel lift. In FWD cars, they limit the weight transfer to the rear wheels.
National Records archived 2000
Friday, 10 November 2000 00:02

Drag Racing Records - from the archives of 2000


Dondi Montecillo
Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution V
owned by: Jet Mathay and Edwin Lee
Redline Racing
Omni Clark
1st in the 11's
Quickest Mitsubishi
Quickest 4 cylinder
Vic Cruz
Toyota Sprinter
JAC Racing
12.90 sec.
Quickest All Motor Toyota
Mato Tan
Honda Civic Hatchbach
owned by: Willy Chua
11.075 sec.
Manila Harbour Center
Quickest Honda
Oboy Reyes
Chevrolet Camaro
OBR Racing
11.920 sec.
Manila Harbour Center
1st V-8 in the 11's

Richard Cooper Tan
Honda Civic VTi
11.7 sec.
Manila Harbour Center
1st Honda in the 11's

Bert Abanto
Wunder Bugs
11.960 sec.
Manila Harbour Center
Quickest VW
Vicente Pena
Honda Civic Hatchback EG
12.90 sec.
Manila Harbour Center
Quickest All Motor Honda
Pam Tolentino
Toyota Sprinter
12.8 sec.
Manila Harbour Center
Quickest Nitrous assisted Toyota
11 Second Club
Thursday, 02 November 2000 01:19
Dondi Montecillo
Redline Racing
11.057 sec.
Mato Tan
11.075 sec
Brian Gonzales
Redline Racing
11.104 sec.
Raymond Go
Auto Plus
11.3 sec.
Richard Cooper Tan
11.7 sec.
Oboy Reyes
OBR Racing
11.920 sec.
Bert Abanto
Wunder Bugs
11.960 sec.
Wednesday, 01 November 2000 23:47 replies to the PMA....

view PMA's email

Mr. Vip Isada,

I thank you for taking the time to review my article and for visiting our little neck of the woods on the Internet.

For some reason, though, it seems you may have misconstrued the message of my article. I simply wanted to invoke some thought in to the impending implementation of licenses for drag racers.

For as long as drag racing has existed, amateur drag racers NEVER had to have licenses other than a valid driver's license. This is due to the fact that the, sport in majority, is an amateur sport. Even the NHRA, whose rules were the basis of the FIA drag racing rules and procedures, does not require licenses for amatuer racers. It's just not necessary.

The organizers of local events are the one's who are responsible for policing and making sure that their participants are fit to race as well as making sure their vehicles are just as fit for racing. Safety has always been the responsibility of the organizers as well as the participants themselves.

It's nice to know that the PMA, now, cares for the safety of drag racers. Though, I believe that imposing such a license requirement will hinder the growth of the sport as a whole. One of the chief factors in the imense growth of drag racing in the US, Mexico, Canada and Puerto Rico is that it is EASY to participate. One simply just has to show up with a safe vehicle, pay the entry fee and submit the sign up form, along with the signed waiver form. Sure, in the PRO classes, where cars are running in the 10's or faster, do have a racing license requirement. But, if they chose to participate in the amateur brackets, that requirement isn't needed.

It works well for the NHRA and the US, why do we have to change it? As it is today, we DON'T hold events in the same manner. Can this be one of the reasons that the sport hasn't grown to its potential, even after decades of running events? If it works, why change it? As a matter of fact, why haven't we just followed the system that surely works, to the letter (NHRA)?

We all want the same thing, safe and legal races, with lots of participants. And, hopefully, minimal street racing, to boot! But since bracket racing in the Philippines today is still in infancy, I feel that licensing is a bit premature, and could possibly have a negative effect on participation. Sure, those who already race at legal events, don't mind the requirement. They're used to following rules and regulations. But what about attracting those who still race on the streets? This will certainly NOT attract them. If anything, its another reason NOT to attend these events.

How can I say such things? Well, sir, I DO my research (a lot more than you give me credit for). I have spoken to countless "street racers", both from here and from the US (New York, New Jersey, Brooklyn, Queens, LA, Salinas, Carlsbad, ect...). The consensus is the same. Street racers don't attend events because it's too much of a hassle. That's the REALITY of the situation, not speculation.

Those who got converted, me as one of them, did so simply because it was no longer worth the risk of getting caught. That's the secret. If they can't get away with it, they won't do it. In this country, you and I both know how easy it is to get away with things. That's the hurdle that needs to be over come.

In Flushing Queens, street racing was minimized by implementing "zero tolerance" by the police. Squad cars were stationed at ALL the racing spots. In Brooklyn, where 8 second cars used to run on the Van Wyck Expressway, was dead! Just a few cars cruising around hoping for the police cars to leave.

So, what happened to the street racers? They went to Egnlishtown Raceway Park!

Ofcourse, city Mayors change, and so do internal policies. Street racers always find a way to come back. But, all it takes is ENFORCEMENT of the law, and they go, in hoards, to the track. In my opinion, that's the only way to control street racing. Maybe the PMA and its considerable lobbying influence should focus its efforts in pressuring our law enforcement to actually ENFORCE the law by not allowing speed contests on our city streets.

Then again, that's only my opinion.


Mark "Chuck" Montecillo webmaster

view PMA's email

Wednesday, 01 November 2000 23:44

The PMA Replies....
(an email from Vip Isada,Deputy Executive Director of the Philippine Motor Association)

View DRP's reply to this email


Please allow me to give my comments on your article "PMA Considers Licensing Drag Racers". After reading your article, there are a lot of misconceptions about PMA's role in motor sports that need to be clarified. I hope that next time you write on this, you conduct a thorough research first rather than relying on hearsay.

Before I proceed, I would first like to introduce myself. I am Vip Isada, deputy executive director of the Philippine Motor Association (PMA) and an 8-time Rally Champion.

The Philippine Motor Association is the governing body of motor sports in the Philippines by virtue of it being a member of the Federation Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), the world governing body. Therefore, all the motor sports events sanctioned by the PMA must run under the PMA and FIA rules.

These rules-starting from the Sporting Code to the technical specifications, safety, officials, track construction, venues, and others, including licensing-are all included in the 34th edition FIA's Yearbook of Automobile Sports (the FIA rulebook). Bulletins are also issued by the FIA on a month to month basis to inform the PMA and its members in motor sports about the changes in the rules. These are the basis of what regulations we apply in the country, nothing else.

With regard to PMA requiring all racers to apply for a competition license, I would like to explain first how a competition license could be acquired.

To apply for a PMA competition license, one only has to submit himself to a medical examination to the PMA Doctor; ECG and eye tests are likewise needed. The applicant will then pay a fee of one thousand Pesos only for the PMA racing license, which expires on 31 December of that year. This is done to screen the drivers of those using illegal drugs, have an eye problem or suffering from hypertension to improve the safety conditions for both the event and the competitors. And the money collected from the fees charged is infused back to the promotion and improvement of Philippine motor sports.

The requirement of a competition license has been existence since time immemorial. The license is a control tool to protect the integrity of an event and to ensure that competitors will have a level playing field; that they are physically fit to race; and, that they can appeal the decision on a protest by the stewards of events to the PMA. It has nothing to do with slow or fast cars, skill of drivers, speeds and danger factors.

It is the duty of the organizer to check that all competitors have a license. At the same time, it is also the duty of each competitor to acquire a competition license from PMA, to show that his intention is to follow the rules and regulations set forth by the PMA-affiliated organizers.

I strongly protest against what you're implying on your concluding paragraph regarding PMA. PMA's goal ever since is to ELIMINATE racing on the streets and promote much safer events. We at PMA keep on saying to the organizers to make their events safe. To join illegal street races, as you say, means less hassle. This is because they do not have rules; the organizers and drivers do not have any consideration for safety and therefore are not held accountable for any mishaps.

Licensing is the first step to safety especially to any serious aspiring drag racer. Why? Because through this, he and the organizers will know that he is fit to drive in a race. He will be properly informed of the rules and regulations of the races and his responsibilities as a license holder. Making our event SAFE and enjoyable can only be achieved with the cooperation of each and every competitor.

I hope one of these days we can meet to discuss thoroughly where PMA stands when it comes to motor sports.

You are welcome to visit PMA at 683 Aurora Boulevard, Quezon City, or you can call me at 723-0808.

Yours truly,


View DRP's reply to this email

<< Start < Prev 1 2 3 4 5 6 Next > End >>

Page 5 of 6